jump1 [ dʒʌmp ] verb ***
▸ 1 move off ground
▸ 2 move because of shock
▸ 3 increase very quickly
▸ 4 move between ideas etc.
▸ 5 do something when told to
▸ 6 attack
▸ 7 not work smoothly
▸ 8 start car
▸ 9 (try to) have sex with
1. ) intransitive to move your body off the ground using your legs:
You'll have to jump if you want to catch it.
jump about/around: I had to jump around a bit to get warm.
jump up: The cat jumped up onto my lap.
jump up and down: The children were all jumping up and down and cheering.
a ) intransitive or transitive to move your body over something by pushing yourself off the ground using your legs:
Tanya jumped the fence and walked across the field.
jump over: I jumped over the wall.
b ) intransitive jump into/onto/to to move somewhere very suddenly:
Ella jumped into the car and drove off quickly.
c ) intransitive to push yourself or let yourself drop from a very high place:
jump from/out of/off: They jump from the airplane at about eight thousand feet.
I grabbed my son and jumped out of the window.
Some students were jumping off the bridge.
d ) intransitive to push yourself or let yourself drop from a place that is a short distance above the ground:
jump down: Don't jump down the stairs!
jump from/off: He jumped from his horse.
e ) jump to your feet to stand up very quickly:
She jumped to her feet as the teacher walked into the room.
2. ) intransitive to get a shock and suddenly move your body slightly because of this. If you jump out of your skin, you get a very big shock:
make someone jump: The noise made her jump.
a ) if your heart jumps, it suddenly feels as if it is not BEATING regularly, for example because you are frightened or excited:
When he talked to me, I felt my heart jump.
b ) if an object jumps, it moves suddenly:
He banged the table with his fist and the glasses jumped.
3. ) intransitive to increase or improve very quickly: SHOOT UP:
Profits jumped by 15% last year.
Williams jumped from 39th to 5th in the world rankings.
4. ) intransitive jump from/to/back to move quickly from one idea to another, in a way that is confusing or wrong:
The conversation suddenly jumped back to what had happened yesterday.
jump to conclusions (=get the wrong idea because you do not yet have enough information): We shouldn't jump to conclusions about the cause of the problem.
a ) intransitive or transitive to move from one part of something to another part and miss something:
jump to: Let's now jump to page 10.
5. ) intransitive INFORMAL to immediately do what someone tells you to do although you do not want to:
He gives the orders and I'm expected to jump.
a ) jump to it SPOKEN used for ordering someone to do something immediately
6. ) jump or jump on transitive INFORMAL to attack someone physically:
He was jumped by a gang of teenagers.
7. ) intransitive to work in a way that is not continuous or smooth:
The screen (=the images on the screen) on this computer keeps jumping.
8. ) transitive AMERICAN to start a car by connecting it to another car: JUMP-START
9. ) intransitive or transitive VERY INFORMAL to have sex with someone or try to have sex with them
jump down someone's throat
to criticize someone immediately, in an unfair way
jump for joy
1. ) to be very pleased about something:
We weren't exactly jumping for joy at the news.
2. ) MAINLY JOURNALISM to jump into the air because you are very happy
jump the gun
to do or say something too soon, before you know it is suitable or correct
jump in line AMERICAN
to move in front of people who have been waiting for something for longer than you have
jump rope AMERICAN
to jump over a rope as you turn it under your feet and over your head: SKIP
jump ship
1. ) to leave a ship without permission
2. ) to leave a difficult situation when you should stay and deal with it
jump the tracks/track AMERICAN
if a train jumps the tracks, it comes off the railroad in an accident
jump a train AMERICAN
to travel on a train without paying, although you should pay
=> BAIL1 B
`jump at phrasal verb transitive
jump at something to take an opportunity that is offered to you in a very enthusiastic way:
I jumped at the chance to go with him.
,jump `in phrasal verb intransitive
1. ) to become involved in a situation very quickly:
Onlookers jumped in to break up the fight.
a ) jump in with both feet to become involved in something without thinking carefully
b ) jump in at the deep end to become involved in a very difficult situation
2. ) to interrupt someone while they are talking
`jump into phrasal verb transitive
jump into something to become involved in a situation very quickly:
He jumped headlong into organizing the event.
jump into bed with someone
to have sex with someone you have just met
,jump `off phrasal verb
jump off the page
if words or pictures jump off the page, they are the first thing you notice:
The words just jumped off the page at me.
`jump on phrasal verb transitive jump on someone
1. ) to criticize someone severely:
He jumps on me every time I get something wrong.
2. ) same as JUMP1 6:
This man just jumped on my friend.
,jump `out at phrasal verb transitive
jump out at someone if something jumps out at you, you notice it immediately
,jump `up phrasal verb intransitive
same as JUMP1 1E:
The phone rang and she jumped up to answer it.
jump up and down INFORMAL
to be very angry, excited, or enthusiastic
jump 2 [ dʒʌmp ] noun count *
▸ 1 movement through air
▸ 2 movement from shock
▸ 3 sudden increase
▸ 4 big difference/change
▸ 5 structure to jump over
1. ) a movement in which you jump off the ground
a ) a movement in which you jump from a high place:
a parachute/bungee jump
b ) the distance that you travel when you jump in a competition:
She won with a jump of 6.96 meters.
2. ) a sudden movement that you make when you get a shock: START:
Sylvia woke with a jump.
3. ) a sudden increase: LEAP:
jump in: There has been a 25% jump in profits.
There has been another sharp jump in property prices.
4. ) a big difference or change: LEAP:
There's a big jump from Grade Two to Grade Four.
an actor who made the jump from theater to television
5. ) a structure that a horse or runner jumps over:
The horse fell at the first jump.
be/stay one jump ahead (of someone)
to do something before someone else or more successfully than someone else:
The students were sometimes a jump ahead of their teachers.
have/get the jump on someone INFORMAL
to be in a stronger position than someone else

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.


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